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Jun 08

Foot Pain Arch Pain

Foot Pain Arch

Foot Arch PainFoot pain arch pain.The foot’s arch is an amazingly complex work of art. A multitude of ligaments bones and tendons help the foot to perform correctly. The arch of the foot is perhaps the most susceptible to problems of Arch Pain. The causes of arch pain are numerous and are directly related to how you live your daily life. All physical activity performed while standing, running or walking has a direct impact on the foot arch. The more intense the physical activity, the more stress and strain is applied to the arch. This is why standing for long periods of time can have adverse affects on the feet. Activities which include jumping or landing heavily on the feet are more likely to end in arch pain.

Foot Pain Arch Support
Foot Pain Arch Support InsolesCorrect support of the arch of the foot is essential, especially during activity that involves high impact forces on the feet. Quality footwear is a must, sometimes specially designed insoles (Arch Support Insoles) are required to support the arch. Poor quality footwear is a recipe for disaster. The feet really do deserve looking after and wearing cheap or badly fitting shoes is not recommended. High heel shoes for men or women also place unnatural stresses and strains on the feet and should be avoided.

Foot Pain Arch The Plantar Fascia

The Plantar Fascia

       The Plantar Fascia

Apart from inadequate footwear, another prime cause of arch pain is plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a foot ligament. A thick wide band of fibrous tissues that run along the underside of the foot. The plantar fascia connect the heel at the back of the foot to the toes at the front of the foot. It supports the arch of the foot. The plantar fascia is very strong and durable but is susceptible to excessive stress and strain. When the fascia becomes damaged or weakened. It can become inflamed (swollen) and irritated. When this occurs, pain can be felt on the bottom of the foot or heel. This is one of the most common symptoms of arch pain.

Foot Pain Arch Plantar fasciitis
The pain of plantar fasciitis is often most noticeable first thing in the morning. Long periods of inactivity can also lead to more intense arch pain. The pain generally intensifies as activity increases. Sometimes the pain associated with plantar fasciitis can be eased in the short term by over the counter medicines. Take care whenever using medications not prescribed by your doctor or pharmacist. Arch support insoles can alleviate the pain to a degree. It is always advisable to seek medical attention if the pain persists. In addition to wearing quality arch supports, quality footwear and taking anti-inflammatory medicines, stretching exercises can often help.

Plantar fasciitis
Plantar faciitis causes pain in the heel area of the foot. Some patients complain of pain in the mid-section of the foot. The pain sometimes worsens over time unless it is a direct heavy impact injury that is the cause of the arch pain. The pain more often than not only affects one foot. People with flat feet can experience arch pain in both feet at the same time. The pain is sometimes a dull ache but some patients report a sharp intense feeling of acute pain. The pain has been describes as a burning sensation or ache starting from the heel area of the foot. The pain tends to be more intense in the morning. The muscles and joints in the foot can become stiff due to inactivity.

Foot Pain Arch Diagnosis
Foot Pain Arch X-RayIf foot pain in the arch becomes severe a visit to a professional is required. He or she will perform a visual inspection of the foot. Check for swelling and or tenderness in the foot. Pressure will be applied to the foot to see if the pain increases and to check for full motion. In most cases of acute pain in the arch of the foot, an X-Ray will need to be performed. Sometimes an MRI scan will also be required. These checks are carried out to make sure that there are no breaks or fractures in the bones of the affected foot.

Foot Pain Arch Home Treatments
Reducing swelling of inflammation is a very important aspect of treating any arch pain. However, this alone may not address any underline damage to the bones, ligaments or tendons of the foot. Initially staying off your feet and applying ice three or four times per day to counteract any swelling or inflammation does help. Reducing any activities that exert stress or strain on the feet is also a good idea. Using arch supports greatly help to relieve pain and discomfort. For people with arch related issues arch support insoles or inserts can greatly diminish the chance of future problems.

Foot Pain Arch Corticosteroids
Should treating arch pain at home not have the desired results, a doctor might prescribe a corticosteroid injection. Sometimes ultrasonic equipment is used to perfectly pin point the exact location in the foot, where pain originates. Corticosteroid cream is an alternative to injections. Applied directly to the affected area in a cream format. A small electrical charge is then passed through the foot. This helps the corticosteroid cream to soak in through the skin into the muscle and begin working it’s magic.

Foot Pain Arch Shock Wave Therapy
If home treatment, ice application, stretching exercises and corticosteroids do not fix the pain, extra corporeal shock wave therapy may be the next step. Sound waves are used to attempt healing of the ligaments or tendons. Unfortunately, this therapy can involve side effects. Bruising of the foot or feet, swelling or inflammation can occur. The therapy can involve some amount of discomfort and even pain. The foot might experience numbness. Extra corporeal shock wave therapy is yet to be proven to actually relieve the pain or symptoms at a consistent level.

Foot Pain Arch Surgical treatments
Surgical treatments are rarely required except in the most severe cases. If warranted, the plantar fascia is detached (partially) from the heel bone. This detachment can in some cases, result in a weakening of the arch of the foot. In some cases, the full motion of the foot can be compromised. The calf muscles are sometimes lengthened (gastrocnemius recession) but this surgical process is rarely required. Night splints can be used to help stretch the calf and or the foot’s arch. Night splints are a mechanical brace that are used to hold the affected foot in a flexed position. Used overnight Night splints lengthen the plantar fascia and also the achilles tendon. Night splints can help prevent morning pain and stiffness of the affected foot.

Foot Pain Arch Supports
Foot Arch Pain SupportsArch supports are special orthotic insoles, for shoes that often alleviate some of the pain in the arch and heel by distributing pressure evenly. Arch support insoles can also help prevent further damage to the plantar fascia. Arch support insoles should be warn by people with flat feet or any weakness in the arch of the foot. A boot cast can hold the foot immobilized , reduce and strain while the plantar fascia is allowed to heal. Boot casts can be removed for bathing but are cumbersome and uncomfortable.